A constitutional referendum was held in Russia between 25 June and 1 July 2020. There have been allegations and reports of irregularities, including voter coercion, multiple voting, violation of secrecy of the vote and allegations of police violence against a journalist who was present to observe. The politician and founder of the Anti-Corruption Foundation, Alexei Navalny, called for a boycott of the referendum. [34], Putin noted that Russia's parliament is legally capable of changing the Constitution, but he argued that a national vote is necessary to make the amendments legitimate. 3 p. 3, —Constitution of the Russian Federation, ch. The experts attribute the difference to several factors: the peculiarities of the questions' wording and the initial orientation towards different audiences. According to the Constitution, however, that is not the case: The results of a nationwide vote must be enforced as is. The world's largest country hopes to attract up to 10 million migrants by 2025. [72], A number of foreign leaders congratulated President Putin by phone, including President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev, Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi, President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, President of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon and President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev. The civics test is an oral test and the USCIS officer will ask you to answer 20 out of the 128 civics test questions. Их составляет мэрия Москвы", "ЦИК заявил о невозможности агитации за и против поправок в Конституцию", "КПРФ начала агитацию против поправок к Конституции", "О принципиальной неприемлемости голосования по путинским поправкам в Конституцию", "В ПАРНАС призвали граждан не участвовать в голосовании по поправкам в Конституцию", "Голосование по Конституции станет "референдумом" о новом сроке Путина", "Дебаты Навального и Каца о тактике оппозиции на всенародном голосовании. The voters who have registered on the portals mos.ru and gosuslugi.ru after 5 June will not be able to take part in electronic voting in order to avoid "rigged" voting. The amendments include sweeping changes to the constitution, including allowing Putin to run again for two more six-year presidential terms and enshrining social measures on pensions and welfare state as well as conservative ones such as constitutionally banning same-sex marriage,[8] ensuring patriotic education in schools, explicitly mentioning faith in God, and placing the constitution above international law. [40] Critics have accused Putin of orchestrating a "constitutional coup" and seeking to fast-track changes to the country's political system without going through proper procedures including a referendum.[41]. The renewal of the Constitution requires neither a referendum, nor convening of the Constitutional Assembly,[39] but "All-Russian voting" (Russian: общероссийское голосование, romanized: obshcherossiyskoye golosovaniye) is provisioned by Article 2 of the draft law on making amendments to the Russian Constitution. He said that "the new version of the Basic Law only strengthens the presidential dictatorship and consolidates oligarchic domination" in a statement. [citation needed] Critics have accused him of plotting to stay in power for life, while supporters have lauded the inclusion of the amendment. [51] However, in order to demonstrate strong management skills, local authorities and state-funded organizations are using traditional tactics to increase voter participation and encouraging people to vote online and ahead-of-schedule. You can claim Russian citizenship by birth if any of the following are true⁹: At least one parent is a Russian citizen (regardless of where the child was born) On its basis, thousands of citizens of the country may be deported from the state. And since Russia does not recognize dual citizenship, I will only be a Russian citizen to them. A consultative referendum is not provide for in Russia. At first glance, it might seem that the deportation of Russians in 2020 will be inevitable if the former citizens of the Union and their children do not have time to acquire Russian citizenship or, like foreigners, apply for a residence permit. As it became known, the President of the Russian Federation signed the law on the deportation of Russians in 2020, which has become the subject of numerous disputes and discussions at various levels. The Constitution was also amended in connection with the formation or liquidation of the Federation's constituent entities, as well as with their renaming. Until recently, Russian law stated that foreigners must renounce any other citizenship in order to apply for a Russian passport. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. Those polling stations that showed negative results were ordered to recount ballots. [59] On 4 June, Communist Party leader Gennady Zyuganov called on his supporters to vote against the amendments. Do you approve amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation? Отвечаем на главные из них", "Указ об определении даты проведения общероссийского голосования по вопросу одобрения изменений в Конституцию Российской Федерации", "Russia: Statement by the Spokesperson on the nationwide voting on constitutional amendments", "Зачем Путин заговорил об изменении Конституции. Russian leader signs laws expanding his government's power to label individuals and organizations "foreign agents," in what one rights group calls a "witch hunt." Before, they had to be married to a Russian citizen for at least three years before they could apply for Russian citizenship. Now, according to Article 12 of Russian law regarding citizenship, there are three conditions under which a claim for Russian citizenship by birth would be acknowledged (you only need to comply with at least one of them): Obtaining a Russian residence permit leads to Russian citizenship for those interested in acquiring a Russian passport.In 2015, the government amended the Immigration Law and our Russian lawyers can explain what the new changes imply and how they influence those who want to apply for residence permits. The Central Election Commission specified that after processing 28.31% of the protocols 66.19% of the voters supported the constitutional amendments in the republic, 32.89% were against. Application submission was made open until 2 pm. Information on losing foreign citizenship can be obtained from the foreign country’s embassy and consulates in the United States. There is a requirement to notify Russia which is written down in Federal law №62 “About Russian citizenship ”. Market; Live Radio; Live TV; Links; Advertise; Nsemgh News And More. ICLG - Insurance & Reinsurance Laws and Regulations - Russia covers common issues in insurance and reinsurance laws and regulations – including regulatory authorities and procedures, (re)insurance claims, litigation – overview, litigation – procedure and arbitration – in 39 jurisdictions. Given the legacy of the USSR, the state is developing according to its own scenario, and there is still a need to close certain legislative gaps. Some nations allow dual citizenship under specific conditions. Each country has its own laws surrounding citizenship. Critics say it violates India's secular constitution. Nearly half of the district's residents spoke in favor of the amendments. According to RBK, shortly before this, a number of board members wrote a letter criticizing the upcoming vote. Others, however, require its citizens to renounce all citizenship of other nations. The precinct commissions are formed in advance, observers can be sent to the all-Russian voting by the regional public chambers according to the applications submitted in advance, and the representatives of mass media must have an agreement with the editorial board concluded not later than two months before the voting appointment. However, in fact, we are talking about the entry into force of individual amendments to the law on citizenship, which will affect residents of the Russian Federation living in the country with an unregulated legal status. Also, you do not need to prove your source of income to apply for Russian citizenship. Мнения политологов", "Планируемые поправки в Конституцию РФ: президентские предложения", "Владимир Путин предложил вынести на обсуждение ряд поправок в Конституцию", "The Theatrical Method in Putin's Vote Madness", "Можно ли избираться в президенты больше двух сроков подряд? It is no longer required for you to have lived in Russia for a period of 3 or more years in order to apply for Russian citizenship. [21][additional citation(s) needed], On 20 January 2020, President Vladimir Putin submitted the draft amendments to the State Duma, expecting 14 articles to be changed in total:[7][24][25][26], The Constitution of the Russian Federation was accepted on the national vote on 12 December 1993 and consists of nine chapters. Based on this provision, we can conclude that not every holder of an identity card is a full citizen of the country. The word "consecutive" will be removed from the clause which limits the term of ruling the country to "two consecutive terms". As there is no minimum voter turn-out, the amendments will be considered approved and enacted if the majority of the actual voters agree with the changes. ... Russia December 23, 2020… Things I'm worried about is getting harassed by police, or losing my passport/getting it stolen. [68][69] The interim governor of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Yuri Bezdudny, said: "Yes, the majority of the inhabitants of the Nenets spoke out against the Russian vote. Their opinion also needs to be respected. [47][44], Three categories of participants can observe and control the voting: members of the commission with the casting vote, observers and media representatives. Americans can renounce U.S. citizenship in the proper form at U.S. embassies and consulates abroad. How to obtain citizenship of Russia. But their voices are not against amendments, it is a reaction on the topic with the unification of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug and the Arkhangelsk Oblast. Obtaining a Russian residence permit leads to Russian citizenship for those interested in acquiring a Russian passport.In 2015, the government amended the Immigration Law and our Russian lawyers can explain what the new changes imply and how they influence those who want to apply for residence permits. For March, 2017 the procedure of obtaining citizenship of Russia is stated in the law "About Citizenship of the Russian Federation" and is defined in the decree of the President of Russia of November 14, 2002 "About the statement of Regulations on an order of consideration of questions of citizenship of the Russian Federation". The human rights situation in Russia continued to deteriorate in 2019. 137 p. 1, —Constitution of the Russian Federation, sect. And as soon as they are received, it will become clear who should go through the procedure for accepting citizenship in order not to fall under the deportation law. Thus, the decision on deportation in 2020 can be made in relation to a resident of the Russian Federation, who: The population should not be afraid of the mass deportation of Russians from Russia in 2020, since such cases will be isolated. [10][11] In-person voting at the polling stations was held from 25 June to 1 July, with 1 July being declared a day off as the actual voting date. On the other hand, Putin's statement that a “final decision” will be made only after the voting process can be interpreted to mean that the vote itself will not be binding. Visa requirements for Russian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other countries placed on citizens of Russia. The current Constitution of the Russian Federation was adopted by "nationwide voting" on 12 December 1993. World Sport; LOCAL NEWS. [17][18], Among notable changes were the right of the president to remove federal justices, to remove Supreme Justices following approval by the Federation Council, a right for the lower house of the Parliament to appoint the prime minister and the "supremacy of Russian law over international law". In general, Kablis concluded that “there was no trust in the electoral system of Russia in general and the Komi Republic in particular,” he said. The procedure for amending Chapters 3 to 8 is defined in Article 136 and requires the adoption of the law on amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation according to a procedure similar to (but not identical due to the requirement of ratification of the amendment by regional legislative bodies) the adoption of a federal constitutional law. Only those users who have successfully passed the check and matching against the data in the State Automates System "Elections" will be allowed to vote. In 2020, Russian citizens had visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 121 countries and territories, ranking the Russian passport 48th in the world according to the Visa Restrictions Index. [citation needed]. The difference from 100 % thus consist of blank and invalid votes. The law excludes Muslims from an expedited path to citizenship. Other nations deny citizenship in order to control multiple citizenships. And due to the fact that such a legislative act is not retroactive, people with unregulated legal status should as soon as possible take care of their "legalization" in the country. [60], A number of Russian celebrities were among the supporters of a 'yes' vote, who were sharing posts and video clips on social media. New legislation passed this … Russia Finalizes ‘Revolutionary’ Dual Citizenship Bill – Kommersant Feb. 7, 2020 New legislation would allow foreigners wishing to become Russian citizens to keep their existing citizenships. "[20], The New York Times reported that employees at state-funded libraries in St. Petersburg complained that they had been ordered by their institutions to vote and on which day. the eligibility term requiring competing candidates for high-profile offices (President, Ministers, judges, heads of regions) to have no foreign citizenship or permit of residence in foreign countries, or have it at the time of their work in the office or, at any time before running for the President; the minimal residency requirement for presidential candidates will be raised from 10 years to 25; heads of law enforcement agencies must be appointed by the President in consultation with the Federation Council; the minimum wage cannot be lower than the subsistence minimum; consolidation of the status and role of the. FEDERAL LAW ON CITIZENSHIP OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Adopted by the State Duma on April 19, 2002 Approved by the Council of the Federation on May 15, 2002 (as amended by Federal Laws N 151-FZ as of 11.11.2003, N 127-FZ as of 02.11.2004, N 5-FZ as of 03.01.2006, N 121-FZ as of 18.07.2006, N 296-FZ as of 01.12.2007, N 328-FZ as of 04.12.2007, N 163-FZ as of 01.10.2008, N 301-FZ as of … Russia is aiming to allow ten million foreigners to obtain citizenship after it relaxed its laws in an attempt to reverse a long-term population decline.The Kremlin hopes that new legislation, which CEC Chairman Ella Pamfilova explained that the cause of the error was the tiredness of the election commission members: “Well, elementary, as I was told, people were tired. The cost of a Russian passport is R3500 for adults and R1500 for children. Under the new law, the applicants for Russian citizenship will no longer be required to renounce the existing one or reside in Russia for three years before submitting the application. [clarification needed] The institution of the presidency will be strengthened. Along with the simplified process, Moscow hopes that the updated process for obtaining citizenship will help attract millions of new Russians. Most importantly, the elections in the Nenets Autonomous Region were fair, transparent, without violations and in compliance with all sanitary standards. 2, art. This is an official term with legal meaning. [62] Journalist Yury Dud voiced his opposition against the amendments, reminding the public that in 2008 the current president was against changing the Constitution as well. There have been some changes to Russian law regarding obtaining citizenship. "[70], Late in the evening of July 1, after processing 5.2% of the protocols in the Komi Republic, 68.88% of the participants voted against amendments to the Constitution, 29.93% voted in favor. Agree to abide by the Russian constitution. 2. Article 3 of the 1993 Constitution of Russia says: Высшим непосредственным выражением власти народа являются референдум и свободные выборы. Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed a long-awaited law streamlining the process for foreigners to obtain Russian citizenship. Residents of Moscow and the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast could participate in the event remotely (electronically) from 25 to 30 June. The Constitution of the Russian Federation shall come into force from the moment of its official publication according to the results of a nationwide voting. But article 41.1 of Federal Law No. But, according to some experts, residents of the former USSR who moved from other republics and began to live in the Russian Federation without actually obtaining citizenship may be in a kind of risk zone according to the procedure provided for by current legislation. Application submission is open until 21 June, for this purpose one should submit an application (including one over the phone) to vote at the preferred location – to the Territorial Election Commission (TEC), PEC, Multifunctional Centre for Public Services (MFC) or through the State Services (Gosuslugi) portal. "[74] The European External Action Service said that it "expect[s] all reports and allegations of irregularities, including voter coercion, multiple voting, violation of secrecy of the vote and allegations of police violence against a journalist who was present to observe, to be duly investigated. So, from June 17, 2020: - the period for consideration of applications for citizenship is 3 months (was 6 months), may be extended up to 6 months by letter from the FSB; The results of a referendum are binding and can't be changed unless a new referendum is held. [64], The survey results show a large variation in turnout forecasts and the final decision on the amendments. Therefore, "referendum" (Russian: референдум, romanized: referendum), "free elections" (Russian: свободные выборы, romanized: svobodnyye vybory) and "nationwide voting" (Russian: всенародное голосование, romanized: vsenarodnoye golosovaniye) are provisioned by the Constitution. In April, the Russian parliament passed a law allowing foreigners to become Russian citizens without giving up existing passports. The line has slipped - and that’s it, sorry”. A period of campaign, 50%+ turnout and international democratic electoral standards are mandatory for a referendum. The newspaper also suggested that "a long propaganda campaign preceded the referendum", and that public discourse focused mainly on the patriotic elements of the bill, such as remembering the war dead of World War II, enshrining the Russian language, and pension protection. The new rules will go into effect 90 days after the date it was signed into law… As it became known, the President of the Russian Federation signed the law on the deportation of Russians in 2020, which has become the subject of numerous disputes and discussions at various levels. Those who have expressed their solidarity with the amendments over Instagram are mainly the ones who are promoting the online-voting. Snowden, a form… These measures include extending the voting period to five days, screening for fever with a thermometer at the entrance to polling stations, providing polling station workers with personal protective equipment and encouraging social distancing. If a proposal on the review of the provisions of Chapters 1, 2 and 9 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation is supported by three fifths of the total number of the members of the Council of the Federation and the deputies of the State Duma, then according to federal constitutional law a Constitutional Assembly shall be convened. Former board member and editor-in-chief of Ekho Moskvy radio station Alexei Venediktov publicly opposed expanding opportunities for early and home-based voting because of the inability to observe the process, which in his opinion could lead to a "discrediting of voting results", and linked the dissolution of the council with the negative attitude of its members towards the upcoming vote. Contents1 According to a unified methodology2 PMP in Moscow3 Regional social supplement4 St. Petersburg5 The largest ... © year2020.bigbadmole.com/en/ | chinatownteam2016@gmail.com |. The percentages below are calculated from the total of voters instead of the total of valid votes. A law specifying the procedure for obtaining Russian citizenship and determining who can be deported was adopted several years ago, but it will come into force starting in 2020. Originally scheduled for 22 April, the vote was postponed to a later date due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Russia. [71], Grigory Kablis, the former chairman of the party of the Progress Party in the Komi Republic, explained to the publication Seven by Seven that since the data of the final protocols are not entered manually, but using QR codes through the GAS Vybory system (starting in 2017 in the Komi Republic), then the operator error during data entry was excluded. Local Sports; BUSINESS. Elections and referendums in the Soviet Union, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2020_Russian_constitutional_referendum&oldid=993009320, Referendums postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Articles needing translation from Russian Wikipedia, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from July 2020, Articles that may contain original research from July 2020, All articles that may contain original research, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from July 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, —Constitution of the Russian Federation, sect. [52][53][54], The law that regulates nationwide voting does not mention any political agitation. Furthermore, he said that the "July 1 vote is more of a ritual in nature. If you have connections to Russian citizens already, you might also be able to apply for Russian citizenship immediately after becoming a permanent resident – called the simplified process. For violation of this law, the person can be held accountable. All this once again exposes the falsity of bourgeois democracy." Russian President Vladimir Putin signed Friday into law a bill on the simplification of obtaining Russian citizenship. on 21 June. (Alexei Nikolsky, Sputnik, Kremlin Pool Photo via AP) [13][55], The Opposition movement, various parties and politicians have different opinions regarding the voting: some are in its favor, some are against it (such as Open Russia and the Communist Party of the Russian Federation),[56] some have chosen to boycott the referendum (such as the Left Front, Yabloko, and PARNAS). But the question remains where they will be evicted if they were actually born in Russia, and did not come to the country from other republics. Below is a list of each country that allows dual citizenship. Amendments or a new constitution can be also adopted by "nationwide voting". 3 MINS READ Dec 28, 2019 | 14:00 GMT. In nations where it’s allowed, a person can hold dual citizenship simultaneously if each country's criteria are met. The. Other amendments included an amendment to merge the Supreme and Supreme Arbitration Courts, as well as the amendment to appoint an additional group of Federation Council members ("representatives of the Russian Federation") by the President. Questions ' wording and the USCIS officer will ask you to answer 20 out of the 1993 Constitution of.. Signed a long-awaited law russian citizenship law 2020 the process for obtaining citizenship mentioning amendment Putin! And invalid votes those who vote from home: commission members and observers will not apartment! 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